Current View: All Antweb
Change View
Cite this page

Citing AntWeb

X

To cite this page, please use the following:

· For print: . Accessed

· For web:


Subfamily: Dolichoderinae   Forel, 1878 

Classification:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2016)

Extant: 4 tribes, 28 genera, 707 species, 128 subspecies

Fossil: 2 tribes, 20 genera, 135 species

Dolichoderidae Forel, 1878c PDF: 364 . Type-genus: Dolichoderus. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Dolichoderinae as family: Emery, 1894h: 378 [Dolichoderidae]; Ashmead, 1905c PDF: 384 [Dolichoderidae]; Novák & Sadil, 1941 PDF: 94 [Dolichoderidae]; Bernard, 1951c: 1071 [Dolichoderidae]; Bernard, 1953b PDF: 255 [Dolichoderidae].
Dolichoderinae as tribe of Formicidae: André, 1882a: 127 [Dolichoderidae].
Dolichoderinae as subfamily of Formicidae: Forel, 1878c PDF: 364 [Dolichoderidae]; Emery & Forel, 1879a: 454 [Dolichoderidae]; Nasonov, 1889: 26 [Dolichoderidae]; Forel, 1892k PDF: 220 [Dolichoderidae]; Forel, 1893b PDF: 165; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 156; Forel, 1895b PDF: 107 [Dolichoderidae]; Emery, 1895l PDF: 771 [subfamily spelled Dolichoderini]; Emery, 1896e PDF: 186; Forel, 1899B: 98; Bingham, 1903 PDF: 288; Wheeler, 1910a: 142; Emery, 1913a PDF: 2; Arnold, 1915: 143; Wheeler, 1915i PDF: 71; Wheeler, 1915h PDF: 811 [Dolichoderides]; Arnold, 1915: 143; Donisthorpe, 1915f: 178; Forel, 1917 PDF: 247; Escherich, 1917: 2 [Dolichoderini]; Bondroit, 1918 PDF: 86 [Dolichoderitae]; Wheeler, 1920 PDF: 53; Wheeler, 1922: 199; Borgmeier, 1923: 80; Karavaiev, 1936: 163; Smith, 1951c: 833; Clark, 1951 PDF: 16; Brown, 1954e PDF: 29; Kempf, 1972b PDF: 266; Wheeler & Wheeler, 1972a PDF: 41; Brown, 1973b PDF: 169; all subsequent authors.
Dolichoderinae as formicomorph subfamily of Formicidae: Bolton, 2003 PDF: 18, 80.
Dolichoderinae as formicoid dolichoderomorph subfamily of Formicidae: Ward, 2007C PDF: 556.
Subfamily Dolichoderinae and tribes references, world
Forel, 1878c PDF: 364, 380 (diagnosis, genera); Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 156 (catalogue); Emery, 1895l PDF: 771 (synoptic classification); Emery, 1896e PDF: 186 (genera key); Handlirsch, 1907: 869 (*fossil taxa catalogue); Wheeler, 1910a: 142 (diagnosis); Emery, 1913a PDF: 2, 6 (diagnosis, tribe key, catalogue); Emery, 1913a PDF: 17 (Tapinomini diagnosis, genera key, catalogue); Arnold, 1915: 144, (diagnosis); Gallardo, 1916b PDF: 3 (diagnosis); Forel, 1917 PDF: 247 (synoptic classification); Forel, 1921c: 136 (diagnosis); Wheeler, 1922: 199, 687, 688 (diagnosis, tribe key, Tapinomini genera key); Brown & Nutting, 1950 PDF: 127 (venation, phylogeny); Brown, 1954e PDF: 29 (phylogeny); Pavan, 1955: 135 (gastral organs); Eisner, 1957 PDF: 453 (proventriculus morphology); Bernard, 1967a PDF: 246 (diagnosis); Gotwald, 1969: 118 (mouthparts morphology); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1972a PDF: 41 (diagnosis); Brown, 1973b PDF: 169 (genera & distribution); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1976b PDF: 61 (larvae, review & synthesis); Snelling, 1981: 401 (synoptic classification); Dazzini Valcurone & Fanfani, 1985: 1 (gastral glands); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1985b PDF: 258 (synoptic classification); Billen, 1986b: 173 (Dufour's gland); Billen, 1987a: 278 (abdominal glands); Baroni Urbani & Wilson, 1987: 1 (*fossil Leptomyrmecini); Dlussky & Fedoseeva, 1988: 77 (synoptic classification); Hölldobler & Wilson, 1990: 9 (synoptic classification, genera keys); Baroni Urbani, Bolton & Ward, 1992 PDF: 316 (phylogeny); Shattuck, 1992b PDF: 199 (higher classification, phylogeny); Shattuck, 1992c PDF: 20 (revision of subfamily, genera key); Shattuck, 1994 PDF: 3 (catalogue); Bolton, 1994: 22 (diagnosis, synoptic classification, genera keys); Shattuck, 1995 PDF: 217 (phylogeny, genera); Bolton, 1995a PDF: 1038 (census); Bolton, 1995b: 10 (catalogue); Wenseleers, Schoeters, <i>et al.</i> 1998: 121 (cloacal gland); Brandão, Baroni Urbani, <i>et al.</i> 1999: 411 (phylogeny, genera); Chiotis, Jermiin & Crozier, 2000: 108 (phylogeny, genera); Dlussky & Rasnitsyn, 2003 PDF: 416 (diagnosis for impression fossils); Bolton, 2003 PDF: 18, 80 (diagnosis, synopsis); Dubovikoff, 2005 PDF: 91 (tribes of Dolichoderinae); Brady, Schultz, <i>et al.</i> 2006: 18173 (phylogeny); Moreau, Bell, Vila, Archibald & Pierce, 2006 PDF: 102 (phylogeny); Ward, Brady, Fisher & Schultz, 2010 PDF: 342 (phylogeny, tribe-rank classification); Keller, 2011 PDF: 1 (morphology, phylogeny); Boudinot, 2015 PDF: 50 (male diagnosis); Fisher & Bolton, 2016: 42 (worker diagnosis)
Regional and national faunas with keys
{ref 122251}: 127 (Europe & Algeria); {ref 127508}: 50 (Russia); {ref 125030}: 9 (Madagascar genera); {ref 125069}: 460 (India & Sri Lanka); {ref 122766}: 288 (India, Sri Lanka & Burma); {ref 128184}: 102 (Russian Empire); {ref 122874}: 488 (Belgium); {ref 130044}: 560 (North America genera); {ref 129025}: 77 (Central Europe); {ref 125411}: 34 (Argentina genera); {ref 125260}: 40 (Switzerland); {ref 122309}: 145 (South Africa); {ref 124216}: 178 (Britain); {ref 125416}: 12 (Argentina); {ref 124734}: 208 (Italy); {ref 130115}: 589 (U.S.A., Connecticut); {ref 122872}: 86 (France & Belgium); {ref 125424}: 253 (Argentina genera); {ref 128940}: 58 (Czechoslovakia); {ref 128985}: 117 (Netherlands); {ref 126255}: 271 (Ukraine); {ref 124250}: 199 (Britain); {ref 127353}: 172 (Dominican Republic); {ref 122356}: 600 (Russia); {ref 127374}: 90 (Israel genera); {ref 126235}: 164 (Ukraine); {ref 128776}: 861 (Puerto Rico); {ref 129033}: 209 (Germany); {ref 126513}: 94 (Central Europe); {ref 126512}: 94 (Central Europe); {ref 123672}: 370 (U.S.A., Utah); {ref 128795}: 309 (U.S.A. males); {ref 123329}: 290 (U.S.A., Iowa); {ref 128808}: 592 (U.S.A. genera); {ref 123910}: 330 (North America); {ref 126654}: 27 (Argentina); {ref 123147}: 29 (New Zealand); {ref 126609}: 40 (Neotropical genera); {ref 125667}: 341 (U.S.A., Colorado); {ref 129848}: 149 (U.S.A., North Dakota); {ref 122660}: 246 (Western Europe); {ref 130430}: 17 (Polynesia); {ref 122835}: 329 (West Africa genera); {ref 122862}: 3 (Britain); {ref 122979}: 24 (Netherlands); {ref 128906}: 90 (Chile); {ref 129149}: 118 (Kyrghyzstan); {ref 122960}: 123 (Belgium); {ref 126740}: 170 (Switzerland); {ref 122371}: 546 (former European U.S.S.R.); {ref 123763}: 80 (Iberian Peninsula); {ref 123764}: 32 (Fennoscandia & Denmark); {ref 125641}: 28 (South Australia genera); {ref 128469}: 420 (Malta); {ref 122181}: 443 (U.S.A., Utah); {ref 122506}: 80 (Neotropical genera); {ref 125570}: 314 (Germany); {ref 123767}: 242 (Saudi Arabia); {ref 129925}: 55 (U.S.A., Nevada); {ref 122149}: 278 (Balkans); {ref 124151}: 168 (Turkmenistan); {ref 126604}: 152 (Far Eastern Russia); {ref 140951}: 2 (Japan); {ref 140927}: 49 (Bulgaria); Lattke, in {ref 126108}: 147 (Neotropical genera); {ref 122300}: 70 (Armenia); {ref 130487}: 115 (China genera); {ref 140928}: 331 (Far Eastern Russia); {ref 130931}: 359 (Saudi Arabia); {ref 132274}: 161 (Central Europe); {ref 132350}: 40 (Britain); {ref 130938}: 20 (Portugal); {ref 131602}: 18 (Korea); {ref 132308}: 26, 64 (Australia genera, synopsis); {ref 130660}: 59 (northern Australia genera); {ref 132709}: 149 (China, Guangxi); {ref 130994}: 134 (Poland); {ref 130646}: 54 (Turkey genera); {ref 132694}: 425 (Japan genera, males); {ref 131795}: 221 (U.S.A., New Mexico); Palacio & Fernández, in {ref 133005}: 239 (Neotropical genera); {ref 132056}: 186 (North Korea); {ref 140934}: 102 (U.S.A., Ohio); {ref 130924}: 190 (Micronesia); {ref 132271}: 147 (North and Central Europe); {ref 131288}: 51 (Malagasy genera); {ref 132431}: 196 (Taiwan); {ref 131481}: 28 (south-western Australia genera); {ref 130781}: 14 (Benelux); {ref 132806}: 7 (Malagasy males key); {ref 133060}: 70 (Philippines genera key).

Distribution:


Afrotropical Region: Angola, Benin, Botswana, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Saint Helena, Senegal, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zimbabwe
Australasia Region: Australian Capital Territory, Barrow Island, Lord Howe Island, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, New Zealand, Norfolk Island, Northern Territory, Papua New Guinea, Queensland, Solomon Islands, South Australia, Tasmania, Timor-Leste, Vanuatu, Victoria, Western Australia
Indomalaya Region: Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bangladesh, Borneo, Brunei, Cambodia, Christmas Island, Goa, Himachal Pradesh, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Karnataka, Kerala, Krakatau Islands, Laos, Maharashtra, Malaysia, Meghalaya, Myanmar, Nepal, Nicobar Island, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Tamil Nadu, Thailand, Vietnam, West Bengal
Malagasy Region: Comoros, Europa Island, Juan de Nova Island, Madagascar, Mauritius, Mayotte, Reunion, Seychelles
Nearctic Region: Alabama, Alberta, Arizona, Arkansas, British Columbia, California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Kansas, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming
Neotropical Region: Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil, Cayman Islands, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Galapagos Islands, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Martinique, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, United States Virgin Islands, Uruguay, Venezuela
Oceania Region: Cook Islands, Fiji, French Polynesia, Guam, Hawaii, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Niue, Northern Mariana Islands, Palau, Pitcairn, Samoa, Tokelau, Tonga, Wallis and Futuna Islands
Palearctic Region: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Alicante, Andorra, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Baja California, Balearic Islands, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Channel Islands, China, Crete, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Gibraltar, Hungary, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jammu and Kashmir, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macaronesia, Macedonia, Malta, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Netherlands, North Korea, Oman, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, Uzbekistan, Yemen, Åland Islands

Identification:

Like the Formicinae (q.v.), the members of this subfamily lack a postpetiole and a functional sting. The antennal sockets are adjacent to the posterior margin of the clypeus, and the apex of the abdomen has a slit-shaped orifice, rather than an acidopore. As in the Formicinae, the clypeus is broad, the eyes are usually well developed, the antennal insertions are not wholly concealed by the frontal carinae, and the promesonotal suture is present and generally flexible.

Notes:

Although less species-rich than the Formicinae, dolichoderine ants are often among the dominant species in an ant community. About a dozen species occur in California.

References:

Billen (1987a); Bolton (1994); Brandão et al. (1999); Chiotis et al. (2000); Shattuck (1992b, 1992c, 1995).

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Collingwood, C. A., 1979, The Formicidae (Hymenoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark., Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 8, pp. 1-174

SUBFAMILY DOLICHODERINAEHNS FOREL

This subfamily includes fifteen genera with the greatest number of species distributed through the tropics. The sting is vestigial or absent but many species have poison glands that excrete a repellent fluid through the anal orifice. The gaster has a reduced number of segments compared with FormicinaeHNS and Ponerinae of which four only are visible in dorsal view in the female castes and five in the males. Pupae are not protected by cocoons. The two genera treated here both belong in the tribe TapinominiHNS.

Keys to genera of DolichoderinaeHNS

Queens and workers

1 Petiole scale well developed, not obscured by overhanging gaster; front border of clypeus convex and entire (Fig. 20)................................. IridomyrmexHNS Mayr (p. 33)

- Petiole a small node overhung by first gastral segment; front border of clypeus straight, incised or concave (Fig. 22) ............................ TapinomaHNS Forster (p. 34)

Males

1 Petiole scale well developed. Scape short, not reaching occipital margin IridomyrmexHNS Mayr (p. 33)

- Petiole a reduced node. Scape long, overreaching occipital margin TapinomaHNS Forster (p. 34)



See something amiss? Send us an email.
Enlarge Map