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Subfamily: Heteroponerinae   Bolton, 2003 


Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2016)

1 tribe, 3 genera, 33 species

Heteroponerinae Bolton, 2003 PDF: 46, 176 . Type-genus: Heteroponera. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Heteroponerini Jaffe, 1993: 8 [as tribe of Ponerinae]. Unavailable name; proposed without diagnosis.
Heteroponerini Fernández, Palacio, et al. 1996: 362 [as tribe of Ponerinae]. Unavailable name; proposed without diagnosis.
Heteroponerinae as poneromorph subfamily of Formicidae: Bolton, 2003 PDF: 46, 176.
Heteroponerinae as formicoid subfamily of Formicidae: Ouelette, Fisher, et al. 2006: 365; Moreau, Bell, et al. 2006: 102; Brady, Schultz, et al. 2006: 18173.
Heteroponerinae as formicoid ectaheteromorph subfamily of Formicidae: Ward, 2007C PDF: 556.
Tribe of Heteroponerinae: Heteroponerini.
Subfamily references
Bolton, 2003Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and classification of Formicidae. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 71:1-370. [2003-11-10] PDF 130789: 46, 176 (diagnosis, synopsis); Ouellette, Fisher, et al. 2006: 359 (phylogeny); Moreau, Bell, et al. 2006: 102 (phylogeny); Brady, Schultz, et al. 2006: 18173 (phylogeny); Ward, 2007CWard, P. S. 2007C. Phylogeny, classification, and species-level taxonomy of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa 1668:549-563. [2007-12-21] PDF 132572: 556 (classification); Fernández & Arias-Penna, 2008Fernández, F.; Arias-Penna, T. M. 2008. Las hormigas cazadoras en la región Neotropical. Pp. 3-39 in: Jiménez, E.; Fernández, F.; Arias, T.M.; Lozano-Zambrano, F. H. (eds.) 2008. Sistemática, biogeografía y conservación de las hormigas cazadoras de Colombia. Bogotá: Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt, xiv + 609 pp. [2008-12-26] [2008-12-26] PDF 131263: 31 (Neotropical genera key); Keller, 2011Keller, R. A. 2011. A phylogenetic analysis of ant morphology (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) with special reference to the poneromorph subfamilies. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 355:1-90. [2011-08-10] PDF 132879: 1 (morphology, phylogeny); Boudinot, 2015Boudinot, B. E. 2015. Contributions to the knowledge of Formicidae (Hymenoptera, Aculeata): a new diagnosis of the family, the first global male-based key to subfamilies, and a treatment of early branching lineages. European Journal of Taxonomy 120:1-62. PDF 142740: 51 (male diagnosis)


Australian Region: Australia, New Zealand, Queensland, Western Australia
Eurasian Region: Azerbaijan
Neotropical Region: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Honduras, Mato Grosso do Sul, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Trinidad and Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela

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