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Subfamily: Leptanillinae   Emery, 1910 


Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2016)

2 tribes, 8 genera, 64 species

Leptanillini Emery, 1910b PDF: 32 . Type-genus: Leptanilla. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Leptanillinae as family: Bernard, 1951c: 1053 [Leptanillidae].
Leptanillinae as subfamily of Formicidae: Wheeler, 1923g: 335; Wheeler, 1928 PDF: 89 (in text); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1930 PDF: 199; Clark, 1951 PDF: 16; Brown, 1954e PDF}: 28; Petersen, 1968 PDF: 577; Wheeler & Wheeler, 1972a PDF: 37; Brown, 1973b PDF}: 166; all subsequent authors.
Leptanillinae as leptanillomorph subfamily of Formicidae: Bolton, 2003 PDF: 39, 151.
Leptanillinae as subfamily incertae sedis in Formicidae: Ward, 2007C PDF: 555.
Tribes of Leptanillinae: Anomalomyrmini, Leptanillini.
Subfamily and tribes references
Emery, 1904aEmery, C. 1904a. Le affinità del genere Leptanilla e i limiti delle Dorylinae. Archivio Zoologico Italiano 2:107-116. [1904-08-24] PDF 124659: 107 (anatomy, affinities); Wheeler, 1910aWheeler, W. M. 1910a. Ants: their structure, development and behavior. New York: Columbia University Press, xxv + 663 pp. [1910-03] 130044: 138 (diagnosis); Wheeler, 1928Wheeler, G. C. 1928. The larva of Leptanilla (Hym.: Formicidae). Psyche (Cambridge) 35:85-91. [1928-06] PDF 129831: 85 (larva); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1930Wheeler, G. C.; Wheeler, E. W. 1930. Two new ants from Java. Psyche (Cambridge) 37:193-201. [1930-09] PDF 129843: 199 (diagnosis); Morley, 1939Morley, B. D. W. 1939. The phylogeny of the Cerapachyinae, Dorylinae, and Leptanillinae (Hym. Formicidae). Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de France 44:114-118. [1939-05-27] 127460: 114 (phylogeny); Kutter, 1948Kutter, H. 1948. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Leptanillinae (Hym. Formicidae). Eine neue Ameisengattung aus Süd-Indien. Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gesellschaft 21:286-295. [1948-08-25] PDF 126688: 293 (diagnosis); Brown, 1954eBrown, W. L., Jr. 1954e. Remarks on the internal phylogeny and subfamily classification of the family Formicidae. Insectes Sociaux 1:21-31. [1954-03] PDF 123108: 28 (phylogeny); Bernard, 1967aBernard, F. 1967a ("1968"). Faune de l'Europe et du Bassin Méditerranéen. 3. Les fourmis (Hymenoptera Formicidae) d'Europe occidentale et septentrionale. Paris: Masson, 411 pp. [1967-11] PDF 122660: 90 (diagnosis); Petersen, 1968Petersen, B. 1968. Some novelties in presumed males of Leptanillinae (Hym., Formicidae). Entomologiske Meddelelser 36:577-598. [1968-12-30] PDF 127792: 577 (tribe, males); Gotwald, 1969: 97 (mouthparts morphology); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1972aWheeler, G. C.; Wheeler, J. 1972a. The subfamilies of Formicidae. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 74:35-45. [1972-03-28] PDF 129891: 37 (diagnosis); Brown, 1973bBrown, W. L., Jr. 1973b. A comparison of the Hylean and Congo-West African rain forest ant faunas. Pp. 161-185 in: Meggers, B. J.; Ayensu, E. S.; Duckworth, W. D. (eds.) 1973. Tropical forest ecosystems in Africa and South America: a comparative review. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, viii + 350 pp. [1973-01] PDF 123216: 166 (genera, distribution); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1976bWheeler, G. C.; Wheeler, J. 1976b. Ant larvae: review and synthesis. Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Washington 7:1-108. [1976] PDF 129906: 46 (larvae, review & synthesis); Baroni Urbani, 1977cBaroni Urbani, C. 1977c. Materiali per una revisione della sottofamiglia Leptanillinae Emery (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Entomologica Basiliensia 2:427-488. [1977-01-07] PDF 122492: 430 (diagnosis, revision); Snelling, 1981Snelling, R. R. 1981. Systematics of social Hymenoptera. Pp. 369-453 in: Hermann, H. R. (ed.) 1981. Social insects. Volume 2. New York: Academic Press, xiii + 491 pp. [1981] [1981] 128876: 392 (synoptic classification); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1985bWheeler, G. C.; Wheeler, J. 1985b. A simplified conspectus of the Formicidae. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 111:255-264. [1985-07-30] PDF 129918: 257 (synoptic classification); Dlussky & Fedoseeva, 1988Dlussky, G. M.; Fedoseeva, E. B. 1988. Origin and early stages of evolution in ants. [In Russian.]. Pp. 70-144 in: Ponomarenko, A. G. (ed.) 1988. Cretaceous biocenotic crisis and insect evolution. [In Russian.]. Moskva: Nauka, 232 pp. [1987-12-22>] 124165: 79 (synoptic classification); Hölldobler & Wilson, 1990Hölldobler, B.; Wilson, E. O. 1990. The ants. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, xii + 732 pp. 122852: 9 onward (synoptic classification, genera keys); Bolton, 1990bBolton, B. 1990b. The higher classification of the ant subfamily Leptanillinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Systematic Entomology 15:267-282. [1990-07] PDF 122855: 269 (diagnosis, revision of tribes, synoptic classification, key); Kugler, 1992Kugler, C. 1992. Stings of ants of the Leptanillinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Psyche (Cambridge) 99:103-115. [1992-12-04] PDF 126562: 103 (sting structure); Baroni Urbani, Bolton & Ward, 1992Baroni Urbani, C.; Bolton, B.; Ward, P. S. 1992. The internal phylogeny of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Systematic Entomology 17:301-329. [1992-10] PDF 122513: 316, 317 (phylogeny); Bolton, 1994Bolton, B. 1994. Identification guide to the ant genera of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 222 pp. [1994-07-25] 122834: 69 (diagnosis, synoptic classification, genera key); Bolton, 1995aBolton, B. 1995a. A taxonomic and zoogeographical census of the extant ant taxa (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of Natural History 29:1037-1056. [1995-08] PDF 122859: 1040 (census); Bolton, 1995bBolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. [1995-10] 122860: 9, 12 (catalogue); Ogata, Terayama & Masuko, 1995Ogata, K.; Terayama, M.; Masuko, K. 1995. The ant genus Leptanilla: discovery of the worker-associated male of L. japonica, and a description of a new species from Taiwan (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Leptanillinae). Systematic Entomology 20:27-34. [1995-03-17] PDF 127591: 32 (genera, classification); Shattuck, 1999Shattuck, S. O. 1999. Australian ants. Their biology and identification. Collingwood, Victoria: CSIRO Publishing, xi + 226 pp. [1999-01] 132308: 117 (Australia, synopsis); Bolton, 2003Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and classification of Formicidae. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 71:1-370. [2003-11-10] PDF 130789: 39, 151 (diagnosis, synopsis); Ouellette, Fisher, et al. 2006: 359 (phylogeny) ; Terayama, 2009Terayama, M. 2009. A synopsis of the family Formicidae of Taiwan (Insecta: Hymenoptera). Research Bulletin of Kanto Gakuen University. Liberal Arts 17:81-266. [2009] PDF 132431: 125 (Taiwan genera key); Borowiec, Schulz, Alpert & Ba?a?, 2011Borowiec, M. L.; Schulz, A.; Alpert, G. D.; Ba?a?, P. 2011. Discovery of the worker caste and descriptions of two new species of Anomalomyrma (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Leptanillinae) with unique abdominal morphology. Zootaxa 2810:1-14. [2011-04-06] PDF 132809: 13 (genera key); Keller, 2011Keller, R. A. 2011. A phylogenetic analysis of ant morphology (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) with special reference to the poneromorph subfamilies. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 355:1-90. [2011-08-10] PDF 132879: 1 (morphology, phylogeny); General & Alpert, 2012General, D. M.; Alpert, G. D. 2012. A synoptic review of the ant genera (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) of the Philippines. ZooKeys 200:1-111. [2012-06-05] PDF 133060: 73 (Philippines genera key); Xu, 2012c: 479 (genera key); Boudinot, 2015Boudinot, B. E. 2015. Contributions to the knowledge of Formicidae (Hymenoptera, Aculeata): a new diagnosis of the family, the first global male-based key to subfamilies, and a treatment of early branching lineages. European Journal of Taxonomy 120:1-62. PDF 142740: 29 (male diagnosis, classification)


African Region: Ghana, Kenya, Niger, Nigeria, South Africa, Tanzania, Yemen
Australian Region: Australia, Barrow Island, New Guinea, Queensland, Western Australia
Eurasian Region: Algeria, China, France, Greece, Israel, Italy, Japan, Malta, Morocco, Portugal, Spain, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan
Pacific Islands Region: Indonesia, Malaysia, Micronesia, Palau, Singapore
South East Asia Region: Borneo, Christmas Island, India, Nepal, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand

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