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Subfamily: Myrmeciinae   Emery, 1877 


Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2016)

Extant: 2 tribes, 2 genera, 96 species

Fossil: 5 genera, 15 species

Myrmeciidae Emery, 1877b PDF: 71 . Type-genus: Myrmecia. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Myrmeciinae as group of Myrmicidae: Emery, 1877b PDF: 71 [Myrmeciidae].
Myrmeciinae as subfamily of Poneridae: Ashmead, 1905c PDF: 382.
Myrmeciinae as subfamily of Formicidae: Clark, 1951 PDF: 17; Brown, 1954e PDF}: 22; all subsequent authors.
Myrmeciinae as myrmeciomorph subfamily of Formicidae: Bolton, 2003 PDF: 29, 132.
Myrmeciinae as formicoid subfamily of Formicidae: Brady, Schultz, et al. 2006: 18173; Moreau, Bell, et al. 2006: 102.
Myrmeciinae as formicoid myrmeciomorph subfamily of Formicidae: Ward, 2007C PDF: 556.
Tribes of Myrmeciinae: Myrmeciini, Prionomyrmecini.
Genera (extinct) incertae sedis in Myrmeciinae: Archimyrmex, Avitomyrmex, Macabeemyrma, Ypresiomyrma.
Collective group name in Myrmeciinae: Myrmeciites.
Subfamily and tribe Myrmeciini references
Smith, F. 1858b: 143 (diagnosis); Roger, 1863b: 22 (catalogue); Mayr, 1862: 723 (all species key); Mayr,1863: 429 (catalogue); Mayr, 1865: 18 (diagnosis); Fore!, 1893a: 162 (diagnosis); Dalla Torre, 1893: 19(catalogue); Emery, 1895e: 766 (diagnosis); Wheeler, W.M. 1910d: 134 (diagnosis); Emery, 1911b: 17(diagnosis, subgenera key, catalogue); Forel, 1917: 235 (synoptic classification); Clark, 1943: 85 (Promyrmecia species key); Clark, 1951: 21, 119 (Myrmecia, Promymwcia species revisions, keys); Brown,1953e: 1 (revisionary notes); Brown, 1954b: 22 (diagnosis, phylogeny); Eisner, 1957: 449 (proventriculus morphology); Brown, 1958c: 10 (New Zealand); Gotwald, 1969: 113 (mouthparts morphology); Wheeler,G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1972: 38 (diagnosis); Brown, 1973b: 165 (genera, distribution); Wheeler, G.C. &Wheeler, J. 1976: 46 (larvae, review & synthesis); Greenslade, 1979: 11 (South Australia, review); Kugler,C. 1980: 263 (sting structure); Taylor & Brown, D.R. 1985: 6 (Australia catalogue); Wheeler, G.C. &Wheeler, J. 1985: 256 (synoptic classification); Billen, 1986: 170 (Dufour's gland); Taylor, 1987a: 41(Australia, New Caledonia & New Zealand checklists); Dlussky & Fedoseeva, 1988: 77 (synoptic classification); Billen, 1988: 27 (comparison of genera); Billen, 1990: 133 (sting bulb gland); Ogata, 1991a:353 (species groups review, phylogeny); Ogata & Taylor, 1991Ogata, K.; Taylor, R. W. 1991. Ants of the genus Myrmecia Fabricius: a preliminary review and key to the named species (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmeciinae). Journal of Natural History 25:1623-1673. [1991-12-31] PDF 127590 : 1623 (all species review, key); Brandao,1991: 390 (Neotropical *fauna, synoptic classification); Baroni Urbani, Bolton & Ward, 1992: 317(phylogeny); Bolton, 1994: 73 (diagnosis, synoptic classification); Bolton, 1995a: 1050 (census); Bolton,1995b: 270 (catalogue); Shattuck, 1999: 119 (Australia, synopsis); Baroni Urbani, 2000: 480 (phylogeny);Ward & Brady, 2003 (phylogeny, classification); Boudinot, 2015Boudinot, B. E. 2015. Contributions to the knowledge of Formicidae (Hymenoptera, Aculeata): a new diagnosis of the family, the first global male-based key to subfamilies, and a treatment of early branching lineages. European Journal of Taxonomy 120:1-62. PDF 142740: 49 (subfamily male diagnosis); Taylor, 2015Taylor, R. W. 2015. Ants with Attitude: Australian Jack-jumpers of the Myrmecia pilosula species complex, with descriptions of four new species (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmeciinae). Zootaxa 3911(4):493-520. [2015-01-21] PDF 142713: 497 (diagnosis, key to Myrmecia pilosula species complex)


Australian Region: Australia, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Queensland, Western Australia
Neotropical Region: Argentina

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