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Subfamily: Pseudomyrmecinae   Smith, 1952 


Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2017)

Extant: 1 tribe, 3 genera, 226 species, 25 subspecies

Fossil: 20 species

Pseudomyrmecinae Smith, 1952a PDF: 98. Type-genus: Pseudomyrmex. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Pseudomyrmecinae as family: Bernard, 1953b PDF: 221 [Pseudomyrmicidae].
Pseudomyrmecinae as subfamily of Formicidae: Smith, 1952a PDF: 98; Brown, 1954e PDF: 23; all subsequent authors.
Pseudomyrmecinae as myrmeciomorph subfamily of Formicidae: Bolton, 2003 PDF: 30, 134.
Pseudomyrmecinae as formicoid myrmeciomorph subfamily of Formicidae: Ward, 2007C PDF: 556.
Tribe of Pseudomyrmecinae: Pseudomyrmecini.
Subfamily references
See references for tribe Pseudomyrmecini.


Afrotropical Region: Angola, Botswana, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Australasia Region: Barrow Island, New Guinea, New South Wales, Northern Territory, Papua New Guinea, Queensland, Solomon Islands, South Australia, Western Australia
Indomalaya Region: Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Borneo, Brunei, Cambodia, Gujarat, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Karnataka, Kerala, Krakatau Islands, Laos, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Nicobar Island, Pakistan, Philippines, Punjab, Rajasthan, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Tamil Nadu, Thailand, Uttarakhand, Vietnam, West Bengal
Malagasy Region: Comoros, Madagascar, Mayotte, Seychelles
Nearctic Region: Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, New Mexico, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas
Neotropical Region: Argentina, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Cayman Islands, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela
Oceania Region: Hawaii
Palearctic Region: Algeria, Baja California, Belgium, China, Egypt, Georgia, Israel, Japan, Libya, North Korea, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Yemen


Workers of this subfamily can be recognized by the combination of large eyes (EL/HL usually > 0.25), short mandibles, flexible promesonotal connection, and presence of a postpetiole. Other characteristic features include: antennal sockets partly exposed in full-face (frontal) view; scape relatively short (SL/HL < 0.75); clypeus narrow (front to back) and not extending posteriorly between the frontal carinae; metapleural gland orifice situated at extreme posteroventral margin of metapleuron; hind tibia usually with two apical spurs, of which the posterior spur is pectinate; and sting well developed.


These are slender, large-eyed arboreal ants, predominantly tropical or subtropical in distribution. One genus and two species occur in California.


Bolton (1994); Ward (1989a, 1990, 1991, 2001).

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