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Subfamily: Pseudomyrmecinae

Classification:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2014)

Extant: 1 tribe, 3 genera, 229 species, 36 subspecies

Fossil: 19 species

Pseudomyrmecinae Smith, 1952a PDF: 98. Type-genus: Pseudomyrmex. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Pseudomyrmecinae as family: Bernard, 1953b PDF: 221 [Pseudomyrmicidae].
Pseudomyrmecinae as subfamily of Formicidae: Smith, 1952a PDF: 98; Brown, 1954e PDF}: 23; all subsequent authors.
Pseudomyrmecinae as myrmeciomorph subfamily of Formicidae: Bolton, 2003 PDF: 30, 134.
Pseudomyrmecinae as formicoid subfamily of Formicidae: Brady, Schultz, et al. 2006: 18173; Moreau, Bell, et al. 2006: 102.
Pseudomyrmecinae as formicoid myrmeciomorph subfamily of Formicidae: Ward, 2007C PDF: 556.
Tribe of Pseudomyrmecinae: Pseudomyrmecini.

Identification:

Workers of this subfamily can be recognized by the combination of large eyes (EL/HL usually > 0.25), short mandibles, flexible promesonotal connection, and presence of a postpetiole. Other characteristic features include: antennal sockets partly exposed in full-face (frontal) view; scape relatively short (SL/HL < 0.75); clypeus narrow (front to back) and not extending posteriorly between the frontal carinae; metapleural gland orifice situated at extreme posteroventral margin of metapleuron; hind tibia usually with two apical spurs, of which the posterior spur is pectinate; and sting well developed.

Notes:

These are slender, large-eyed arboreal ants, predominantly tropical or subtropical in distribution. One genus and two species occur in California.

References:

Bolton (1994); Ward (1989a, 1990, 1991, 2001).

(-1 examples)



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