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Florida, Mexico, West Indies, Central America.
My collections of this species have all been individuals captured on tree trunks and low vegetation. The workers are very fast and difficult to capture. They have a powerful sting.
In Costa Rica, I have seen collections from Corcovado National Park, Curu Wildlife Reserve on the Nicoya Peninsula, Santa Rosa National Park, and the La Selva Biological Station in the Atlantic lowlands.
This species exhibits a remarkable diversity of reproductive strategies (Schilder et al. 1999, Heinze and Hoelldobler 1995). Morphologically there are regular alate queens, regular workers, and a range of intercastes between them. Males occur but are rare. Morphological queens occur in some colonies, but are not regularly present. In queenless colonies, unmated workers can produce new workers, queens, and males by parthenogenesis. Workers may also be inseminated, and thus possibly reproduce sexually. In spite of the potentially clonal structure of such colonies, workers exhibit agonistic interactions and dominance hierarchies, and usually one individual, often an unmated worker, is reproductively dominant.
Brown, W. L., Jr. 1975. Contributions toward a reclassification of the Formicidae. V. Ponerinae, tribes Platythyreini, Cerapachyini, Cylindromyrmecini, Acanthostichini, and Aenictogitini. Search, Agriculture, Cornell University 5:1-116.
Heinze, J., Hoelldobler, B. 1995. Thelytokous parthenogenesis and dominance hierarchies in the ponerine ant, Platythyrea punctata. Naturwissenschaften 82:40-41.
Schilder, K., Heinze, J., Hoelldobler, B. 1999. Colony structure and reproduction in the thelytokous parthenogenetic ant Platythyrea punctata (F. Smith) (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Insectes Sociaux 46:150-158.
Smith, F. 1858. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae. London: British Museum, 216 pp.
Found most commonly in these habitats: 11 times found in tropical rainforest, 6 times found in 2º wet forest, 9 times found in lowland wet forest, 5 times found in mature wet forest, 6 times found in 2º lowland rainforest, 6 times found in tropical moist forest, 6 times found in tropical wet forest, 2 times found in rainforest, 1 times found in Xeric Oak Hammock, 1 times found in 2º wet forest edge, ...
Collected most commonly using these methods or in the following microhabitats: 9 times Malaise, 13 times search, 15 times Beating, 14 times Baiting, 10 times MiniWinkler, 5 times Winkler, 3 times Fogging, 3 times MaxiWinkler, 1 times On volador tree, 1 times Berlese, 1 times blacklight, ...
Elevations: collected from 10 - 930 meters, 248 meters average
Type specimens: syntype of Platythyrea cineracea: casent0907127